Over 54 crore people across 13 States are in the grip of drought, and it is a multi-dimensional crisis. Highlighting this at a national consultation in Delhi, Yogendra Yadav said that owing to the drought, people were battling for drinking water and food, domestic cattle were dying a nomadic death and farms had turned fallow.
Rural populations across 13 States hit by multiple crisis, with food and fodder getting scarce
Over 54 crore farmers and rural populations across 13 States are in the grip of drought, and it is a multi-dimensional crisis. This fact was highlighted at a national consultation on drought here on Sunday.
Yogendra Yadav, convener of Jai Kisan Andolan, told journalists that owing to the drought, people were battling for drinking water, food had become scarce, domestic cattle were dying a nomadic death and farms had turned fallow.
“Good rains [in the coming monsoon] may end the water crisis, yet food shortage will continue until the new crop comes in; the government needs to ensure food security,” Mr. Yadav said.
Bundelkhand was the worst affected. “Dal [pulses] has become a luxury for the ordinary people in Bundelkhand,” he said, appealing to the youth to help the people of the affected villages during their summer vacation.
“We will have a two-week internship programme for students during the summer vacation to serve in the drought-hit villages. Come and join to understand what’s going on…,” he said.
Mr. Yadav said Jai Kisan Andolan, along with other farmers’ organisation, would start a 10-day ‘Paidal Yatra’ from Latur in Marathwada to Mahoba in Bundelkhand on May 21 so as to implement the decisions taken at the consultation.
Farmers in a dozen States struggling with severe drought conditions and experts participated in the consultation, which was organised by Swaraj Abhiyan and the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
CSE director-general Sunita Narain said: “Drought in the 1990s was essentially the drought of a poor India. The 2016 drought is of richer and more water-guzzling India. This classless drought makes for a crisis that is more severe and calls for solutions that are more complex.
“The severity and intensity of drought is not about lack of rainfall; it is about the lack of planning and foresight, and criminal neglect. Drought is human-made.”
How is Drought Measured and When is it Declared?
The Better India
There is no universally accepted standard definition of drought because of its varying characteristics and impacts across different regions. According to the ‘Drought Management Manual’ released by the Ministry of Agriculture, drought is a recurrent feature of climate and occurs in all climatic regimes. Conditions of drought appear when the rainfall is deficient in comparison to the statistical multi-year average for a region, over an extended period of a season or year, or even more.
Disaster map: how the spreading drought has ravaged India
Nihar Gokhale, Catch News
According to an affidavit filed by the central government in the Supreme Court – in response to a petition by Swaraj Abhiyan on drought relief – at least 256 districts in 10 states are affected by drought. This map shows the geographical extent of the drought.
How climate change has destroyed agriculture and ruined farmers in Marathwada
Shraddha Ghatge, Firstpost
The rise in the country’s annual temperature by 0.7 °C and erratic climatic patterns are sure to affect the region’s agriculture which is primarily rainfed with 12 per cent area under irrigation. Firstpost spoke to farmers in Nanded and Parbhani districts and almost all have either blamed unseasonal rains or dry spells for their failed produce. These are, however, only two of the several causes of crop failure. The repercussions of climate change have set off a domino effect.