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Jaunti Live: The first Green Revolution village now has a farm crisis


From Down to Earth: India is going through one of the worst farm crisis in its history. To understand about this crisis we have to investigate the roots of the celebrated Green Revolution and what happened after that. This is the story of Jaunty, the village which was once the flagbearer of the Green Revolution.

Down to Earth

India is going through one of the worst agrarian crisis in history. Farmers are in distress and the government is not doing much to help the situation.

Experts say that the agriculture sector has transitioned after Independence from a food crisis to a farm crisis. The green revolution is now a long-lost memory.

To understand the depth and intensity of the current crisis, we have to look into the reasons that led to the green revolution and what happened to the country after that.

Post-independence, India was perpetually facing a food crisis and by the 1960s the situation became worse. The country was dependant on food imports, which was mostly inefficient and inconsistent.

This period of extreme distress led to the green revolution, with the help of geneticist MS Swaminathan and his team, which lifted India to be self-sufficiency.

Swaminathan imported and introduced High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds, which was first tested at Jaunti — a small village on the outskirts of Delhi.

Five decades later, Down To Earth visited Jaunti, to assess the agrarian situation there. The villagers still remembers the green revolution and talk about the time with excitement. But, asked about the present situation, their faces turn sombre. Extreme water scarcity and excessive use of fertilisers has taken a toll on the agricultural lands of Jaunti.

Interestingly, among criticisms of the green revolution is the increased stress on water resources as well as damage to the natural environment due to use of fertilisers.

This problem is common for most areas facing the agrarian crisis. Farmers say that production has fallen back to what it was, but the expenses have sky rocketed leaving them with nothing at the end of the day.

Further, bad policies and indifference of government act as a double whammy for farmers. The green revolution, which was once a success, has contributed to pushing the agrarian sector into deep crisis.

Now, Jaunti village and its farmers are all that is left to remind us of a revolution that once led to an agrarian boom in the country.

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One Response “Jaunti Live: The first Green Revolution village now has a farm crisis”

  1. martin parkes
    18th September 2019 at 8:28 pm

    There is one Indian state practising zero synthetic input farming – Andrah Pradesh?

    Progressive western farmers are making good headway with regenerative farming. Soil health is key to mitigating climate change.

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